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Gambling in the USA

New study shows potentially alarming link between military service and gambling disorder

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New study shows potentially alarming link between military service and gambling disorder

 

  • Research carried out by University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV) and Bowling Green State University reveals rate of problem gambling among active duty military was 3.5 times higher than among civilians
  • Rate of problem gambling among active duty military was 68.6% compared with 18.7% among civilians
  • Of the 102 active duty personnel who completed the survey, 70 screened positive for problem gambling

At yesterday’s International Center for Responsible Gaming (ICRG) Conference on Gambling and Addiction in Las Vegas, Shane W Kraus, Ph.D., Department of Psychology, UNLV, and Joshua Grubbs, Ph.D., Bowling Green State University, revealed a potentially huge and alarming discrepancy between problem gambling amongst the military community compared with civilians.

With research scarce in this field, Dr. Kraus’ research was funded by behavioral health expert Kindbridge Research Institute (KRI) to analyze data from a large, sample of military personnel, representing one of the first longitudinal studies of gambling in this group.

The study of 3,050 US civilians, veterans and active duty military showed the rate of problem gambling among active duty military (68.6%) was 3.5 times higher than among civilians (18.7%). While the sample of 102 active duty service members who completed the survey was relatively small, 70 of them screened positive for problem gambling.

Following his presentation on Monday, Dr. Kraus, said: “Our findings suggest that more comprehensive research is needed to fully understand how widespread the issue of problem gambling is among active duty personnel. Current trends in the data suggest there could potentially be many service members with unmet treatment needs for problem gambling.”

KRI is leading the drive for greater awareness, research and treatment for US veterans suffering from gambling disorder via its Military Research Associate Program (MRAP), which assists veterans transitioning from military service to advanced training in mental health treatment and research, and its 50x4Vets project, whose goal is to increase the rate of research on treatment for veterans with gambling disorder by 50-times in the next four years.

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This research was supported by donations to KRI from DraftKings and Playtech. The data was collected as part of funding awarded to Drs. Joshua Grubbs and Shane Kraus for their work on sports betting from the ICRG.

Commenting on Dr. Kraus’ findings, Nathan D.L. Smith, PhD, Executive Director of Kindbridge Research Institute, said: “This really is a ‘canary in a coal mine’ moment. Because of the sampling method and small sample size, the rate of problem gambling in this sample cannot be generalized to the wider active duty military community. However, the significant rate of gambling problems in active duty military is a major red flag and larger, more representative studies of active duty military are now vital to determine what the true rate of gambling disorder is in this population.”

The US Department of Defense (DoD) operate over 3,000 slot machines on overseas bases that produce over $100 million dollars of revenue each year. A recent review of the responsible gambling policies mandated by states and the DoD by KRI placed the DoD worst out of the 36 jurisdictions with legal slot machine gambling.

Dr. Smith said: “Our review concluded that the DoD requires only one of the ten responsible gambling policies recommended by the American Gaming Association, while the average number of responsible gambling policies required in the other 35 states was just over seven.”

Another major issue facing military personnel suffering from gambling disorder is seemingly a discouragement from seeking help.

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Dr Smith added: “Active duty military seek help for problem gambling at significantly lower rates than the civilian population. The reasons for this are likely complex, but a major factor may be that active duty military can face consequences in their career, including discharge, if they report a gambling problem to military medical staff.

“People with untreated gambling problems can get caught in a destructive cycle of negative feelings and gambling to escape those feelings, which leads to more negative emotions. In a situation where treatment is not available, these harmful spirals can cause significant damage to a person’s home life, career, mental health, and finances.

“In severe cases, a person in a negative spiral can exhibit suicidal behavior. In fact, in one study, 40% of US veterans receiving treatment for gambling problems reported a suicide attempt.”

Gambling in the USA

Vermont Department of Mental Health Launches Problem Gambling Support Site

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The Vermont Department of Mental Health has launched a new website designed to assist individuals and families affected by problem gambling. The new site, VTGamblingHelp.org, serves as a valuable resource for those seeking immediate assistance and support for problems related to gambling, as well as those looking to promote healthy and responsible gaming behaviors.

Over 11,600 Vermont residents are estimated to be struggling with a gambling problem. VTGamblingHelp.org provides new and vital support services to Vermont Lottery and Vermont Mobile Sports Wagering players. Key features of the website include:

  • 24/7 Helpline: Immediate assistance through the problem gambling helpline, 1-800-GAMBLER, staffed by trained professionals.
  • Live Chat: A live chat feature available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, staffed by problem gambling peer specialists.
  • Voluntary Self-Exclusion Program: A program allowing mobile sports wagering players to opt out of playing for self-selected periods.
  • Recognizing the signs of problem gambling: Tools to help individuals assess their gambling behavior and determine if they need help.
  • Treatment Options: Access to referrals for various treatment options available in Vermont, including counseling and support groups.

“Problem gambling can deeply affect mental health, finances, and family dynamics. This website offers a space for individuals to find the resources and care they need to navigate problem gambling behavior or learn about gaming responsibly,” said Elliott McElroy, the newly appointed DMH Responsible Gaming Program Coordinator.

Vermont treatment providers can use VTGamblingHelp.org “For Providers” page to learn more about upcoming free trainings to become certified problem gambling specialists. The Vermont Problem Gambling Clinical Training offers a free 10-session, 30-hour course to develop skills in gambling disorder assessment, treatment, and recovery support. Participants can earn up to 30 Continuing Education Units (CEUs) – 3 CEUs per live class attended – while learning from award-winning experts.

“As millions of Americans grapple with gambling addiction and millions more face the risk, these services are vital in promoting responsible gaming practices within our communities and providing support to individuals affected by problem gambling and gambling addiction. We are thrilled to have launched this site and optimistic about the resources it will provide to Vermonters,” DMH Medical Director Dr. Kelley Klein said.

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Gambling in the USA

Detroit Casinos Report $105.44M in June Revenue

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The three Detroit casinos reported $105.44 million in monthly aggregate revenue (AGR) for the month of June 2024, of which $104.55 million was generated from table games and slots, and $889,014 from retail sports betting.

The June market shares were:

  • MGM, 46%
  • MotorCity, 30%
  • Hollywood Casino at Greektown, 24%

Monthly Table Games, Slot Revenue, and Taxes

The casinos’ revenue for table games and slots for the month of June 2024 increased 2.6% when compared to the same month last year. June’s monthly revenue was 6.1% lower when compared to the previous month, May 2024. From Jan. 1 through June 30, the Detroit casinos’ table games and slots revenue increased by 0.4% compared to the same period last year.

The casinos’ monthly gaming revenue results were mixed compared to June of last year:

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  • MGM, up 3.6% to $48.71 million
  • MotorCity, down 3.1% to $31.47 million
  • Hollywood Casino at Greektown, up 9.0% to $24.37 million

In June 2024, the three Detroit casinos paid $8.5 million in gaming taxes to the State of Michigan. They paid $8.3 million for the same month last year. The casinos also reported submitting $12.4 million in wagering taxes and development agreement payments to the City of Detroit in June.

Monthly Retail Sports Betting Revenue and Taxes

The three Detroit casinos reported $8.4 million in total retail sports betting handle, and total gross receipts were $894,867 for the month of June. Retail sports betting qualified adjusted gross receipts (QAGR) were down by 52.2% in June when compared to the previous month, May 2024.

June QAGR by casino was:

  • MGM: $154,265
  • MotorCity: $460,693
  • Hollywood Casino at Greektown: $274,056

During June, the casinos paid $33,605 in gaming taxes to the state and reported submitting $41,072 in wagering taxes to the City of Detroit based on their retail sports betting revenue.

Fantasy Contests

For May 2024, fantasy contest operators reported total adjusted revenues of $806,636 and paid taxes of $67,757.

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Gambling in the USA

JCM Installs iVIZION and ICB System at Fair Grounds Race Course & Slots in New Orleans

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JCM Global (JCM) has installed its award-winning iVIZION bill validator and ICB Intelligent Cash Box system at the historic Fair Grounds Race Course & Slots in New Orleans.

JCM upgraded its UBA bill validator to iVIZION and installed ICB on each of the 620 slots at Fair Grounds. Previously, JCM installed its GEN5 Thermal Printer at Fair Grounds, and now with iVIZION and ICB, the path is open for the property to take full advantage of JCM’s FUZION technology in the future.

“The storied Fair Grounds Race Course & Slots is the nation’s third-oldest racetrack, and now that history meets JCM’s leading and advanced technologies, providing a perfect blend of security, efficiency, and guest service. We are thrilled to continue our long-standing partnership with Fair Grounds,” Dave Kubajak, SVP of Sales, Marketing and Operations at JCM, said.

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